This includes a natural increase of 48,111 (96,028 births minus 47,917 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 16,956 people into the state. The Japanese in Hawaii (simply Japanese or “ Local Japanese ”, rarely Kepanī) are the second largest ethnic group in Hawaii. , The extant main islands of the archipelago have been above the surface of the ocean for fewer than 10 million years; a fraction of the time biological colonization and evolution have occurred there. Rankings in last column reflect total numbers, not percentages. 42.9%. Race and Ethnicity by Place in Hawaii There are 151 places in Hawaii.  Native Hawaiian musician and Hawaiian sovereignty activist Israel Kamakawiwoʻole, famous for his medley of "Somewhere Over the Rainbow/What a Wonderful World", was named "The Voice of Hawaii" by NPR in 2010 in its 50 great voices series.. The Hawaiian islands were formed by volcanic activity initiated at an undersea magma source called the Hawaiʻi hotspot. There are three national historical parks; Kalaupapa National Historical Park in Kalaupapa, Molokaʻi, the site of a former leper colony; Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park in Kailua-Kona on Hawaiʻi Island; and Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park, an ancient place of refuge on Hawaiʻi Island's west coast. 2010 . , Hawaii has a de facto population of over 1.4 million, due in part to a large number of military personnel and tourist residents. With the help of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs, specially designated immersion schools in which all subjects would be taught in Hawaiian were established. state.  One endemic plant, Brighamia, now requires hand-pollination because its natural pollinator is presumed to be extinct. The mayors are all elected in nonpartisan elections. An influx of explorers, traders, and whalers arrived shortly thereafter, introducing diseases that decimated the once-isolated indigenous community. Most locals take their shoes off before entering a home. Kīhei; and Līhuʻe. Many Chinese laborer… Later, state programs promoted Hawaiian culture.[which?] . In 2019, 38.7 percent of Hawaii residents were Asian. , According to Schütz, the Marquesans colonized the archipelago in roughly AD 300 and were later followed by waves of seafarers from the Society Islands, Samoa and Tonga. [needs update], The center of population of Hawaii is located on the island of O'ahu. Mexican Americans number over 35,000 (2.6%); Puerto Ricans exceed 44,000 (3.2%).  It is closely related to other Polynesian languages, such as Marquesan, Tahitian, Māori, Rapa Nui (the language of Easter Island), and less closely to Samoan and Tongan. Interestingly, Hawaii is the only state to have a tri-racial group as its largest multiracial group, one that includes white, Asian and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (22%). As infections soar, COVID-19 is hitting one ethnic group in Hawaii particularly hard. The commercial aviation airport offers intercontinental service to North America, Asia, Australia and Oceania. The previous capital was Lahaina, Maui, and before that Kailua-Kona, Hawaiʻi. Historically dominated by a plantation economy, Hawaii remains a major agricultural exporter due to its fertile soil and uniquely tropical climate in the U.S. Its economy has gradually diversified since the mid 20th century, with tourism and military defense becoming the two largest sectors. He is said to have discovered the islands when they were first settled. Hawaii’s diverse race groups have noticeably different age distributions. Honolulu is a city located in Hawaii.With a 2020 population of 343,183, it is the largest city in Hawaii and the 56th largest city in the United States. , Hawaii residents pay the most per person in state taxes in the United States. "The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaiʻi." , English and Hawaiian are listed as Hawaii's official languages in the state's 1978 constitution, in Article XV, Section 4.  These numbers may not take into account some costs, such as increased travel costs for flights, additional shipping fees, and the loss of promotional participation opportunities for customers outside the contiguous U.S. The Department of Education is divided into seven districts; four on Oʻahu and one for each of the other three counties. But how has the increase impacted Hawaii?  Hawaiʻi's record low temperature is 12 °F (−11 °C) observed in May 1979, on the summit of Mauna Kea. Pacific Buddhist Academy, the second Buddhist high school in the U.S. and first such school in Hawaii, was founded in 2003. Prior to the 15th century, Polynesian people migrated east to the Cook Islands, and from there to other island groups such as Tahiti and the Marquesas. "High-precision radiocarbon dating shows recent and rapid initial human colonization of East Polynesia". , The third group of foreigners to arrive in Hawaii were from China. Obama had won the Hawaii Democratic caucus on February 19, 2008, with 76% of the vote. That form was developed mainly by American Protestant missionaries between 1820 and 1826 who assigned to the Hawaiian phonemes letters from the Latin alphabet. “We helped build the block. State Population By Race, Ethnicity Data.  There are more than 80,000 Indigenous Hawaiians—5.9% of the population. The Population of Hawaii Going Forward . It was expected to be one of three states that will not have a non-Hispanic white plurality in 2014; the other two are California and New Mexico. , This article is about the state of Hawaiʻi. , The keyboard layout used for Hawaiian is QWERTY. United States Government Minister John L. Stevens, responding to a request from the Committee of Safety, summoned a company of U.S. Marines. , Puerto Rican immigration to Hawaiʻi began in 1899, when Puerto Rico's sugar industry was devastated by a hurricane, causing a worldwide shortage of sugar and a huge demand for sugar from Hawaiʻi. "[f] The term da kine is used as a filler; a substitute for virtually any word or phrase. , Until air passenger services began in the 1920s, private boats were the sole means of traveling between the islands. [e] Hawaii's 1.4 million residents, spread across 6,000 square miles (15,500 km2) of land, result in an average population density of 188.6 persons per square mile. It is the only U.S. state that is not geographically located in North America, the only state completely surrounded by water and that is entirely an archipelago, and the only state in which coffee is commercially cultivable. Hawaii’s population consisted of 50.1% males and 49.9% females.  Instead, the supporters of Kalaniʻōpuʻu attacked, killing Cook and four sailors as Cook's party retreated along the beach to their ship. The Population of Hawaii Going Forward . Cook abducted the King of Hawaiʻi Island, Kalaniʻōpuʻu, and held him for ransom aboard his ship in order to gain return of Cook's boat, as this tactic had previously worked in Tahiti and other islands.  Some archaeologists and historians think it was a later wave of immigrants from Tahiti around AD 1000 who introduced a new line of high chiefs, the kapu system, the practice of human sacrifice, and the building of heiau. Hawaii incurred the biggest seniority shift between the 112th and 113th Congresses. BBC. According to 2015 estimates, 37.3% of the Hawaiian population was of Asian descent.  In 1790, Kīlauea exploded; it was the deadliest eruption known to have occurred in the modern era in what is now the United States. When the Hawaiian Reformed Catholic Church, a province of the Anglican Communion, was merged into the Episcopal Church in the 1890s following the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii, it became the seat of the Episcopal Diocese of Hawaii. This statistic shows the distribution of the population of Hawaii by age group in 2019. The indigenous Hawaiian population succumbed to foreign diseases, declining from 300,000 in the 1770s, to 60,000 in the 1850s, to 24,000 in 1920. territories. Several areas in Hawaiʻi are under the protection of the National Park Service. Honolulu reached it's highest population of 371,657 in 2000. Data for July 1st of each year are available for total population; demographic components of change such as births, deaths, net migration; and characteristics such as age, sex, race (5 major race groups) and Hispanic origin. The United States Minister to the Kingdom of Hawaii (John L. Stevens) conspired with U.S. citizens to overthrow the monarchy.  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